Welcome to Garamba National Park-Authentic Guide

Mammals

Mammals

The mammals category contains most of the highest profile endangered species. Some species continue to decline because of illegal trade in wildlife products, especially ivory and rhino horn, with DRC losing both of its rhinoceros species. The northern white rhino, which depended on protection in the Garamba National Park for survival, has apparently become extinct in the wild between the 2003 Environmental Analysis and this one. Elephant populations continue to decline because of a resurgent trade in illegal ivory with Asia. The decline of DRC’s elephant population is particularly distressing. As noted in Section4.2 above, Hart (2009) estimates that total DRC elephant population (forest and forest-savanna hybrids) is
likely under 20,000, down from a population estimated at over 100,000 elephants 50 years ago, and still
dropping due to poaching and the illegal ivory trade.
War in the east has increased pressure on gorillas
and other wildlife, and led to the catastrophic dec
line in hippo numbers in Lake Albert—only 1300
animals remain—a drop of 95% in 30 years. Larger
mammals are especially susceptible to poaching, and
species continue to decline throughout DRC, both because of the uncontrolled bushmeat/endangered
species trade and because of habitat loss. The DRC list of completely protected species lists many
mammals, especially primates that are listed by IU
CN in lower risk categories. However, wildlife
protection for the most part depends upon protected area management rather than species-based
initiatives.

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